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John Royster

Joseph Royster

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Mississippian Arrowheads, Artifacts, Bone, Shell, Hardin, Tools


(3000 B.P. to 900 B.P.)

  This section is for arrowheads, artifacts, relics and tools related specifically to the Mississippian(Fort Ancient) Period which include but not limited to the hardin, fort ancient pipes, triangle Points and many more. The use of flints, cherts, quartz and all forms of materials for making knives, spears, arrowheads, artifacts for weapons, utility tools and adornment. Mississippian Period is usually divided into three or more Chronological periods. Each of these periods is an arbitrary Historical distinction that varies from region to region. At one Site, each period may be considered to begin earlier or later, depending on the speed of adoption or development of given Mississippian traits. The "Mississippian Period" should not Be confused with the "Mississippian Culture".

  The Mississippian Period is the stage, while Mississippian is referred to as the cultural similarities that characterize this society. Mississippian Cultures had just transitioned from the late Woodland Period way of life (6000 b.p. to 3000 b.p.). Different groups abandoned tribal lifeways for increasing complexity, centralization, and agriculture. The early Mississippian Period was from c. 3000 b.p. to 2000 b.p. Production of surplus corn and attractions of the regional chiefdoms led to rapid population concentrations in major centers.

  Middle Mississippian Period(2000 b.p. to 1000 b.p.) reflects the high point of the Mississippian era. The expansion of the great metropolis and Ceremonial complex at cahokia (in present-day Illinois), the formation of other complex chiefdoms, and the spread and development of art and symbolism are characteristic changes Of this period. These Mississippian traits came to be widespread throughout the region.

  Late Mississippian Period, usually considered from c.1000 to European contact, is characterized by increasing warfare, political turmoil, and population movement. The population of Cahokia dispersed early in this period (1350–1400), perhaps migrating to other rising political centers. More defensive structures are often seen at sites, and sometimes a decline in mound-building and ceremonialism. Although some areas continued an essentially Middle Mississippian Culture until the first significant contact with Europeans, the population of most areas had dispersed or were experiencing severe social stress by 1500. Along with the contemporary Anasazi, these cultural collapses coincide with the global climate change of the Little ice age. Scholars have theorized that drought, disease and the collapse of maize agriculture and overhunting by the populations, forced them to move away from major sites. In theory, they just ran out of food sources.



  PLEASE READ THE RETURN POLICIES, GUARANTEES, CONSIGNMENT FEES, AND GENERAL POLICIES ON THE AUTHENTICATION FEES PAGE BEFORE BUYING OR SENDING ARROWHEADS OR ARTIFACTS FOR EVALUATION BY GOING TO THE AUTHENTICATION FEES PAGE. All artifacts and arrowheads on this web site( papered And non-papered) are inspected and are believed to be authentic. I make every Effort possible to validate all coa's and make sure that they are genuine. I DO NOT knowingly or intentionally list or sale Reproduction artifacts on this site. Every artifact and arrowhead listed for Sale on this site is the owners asking price. If you are interested in buying The artifact and wish to submit an offer of less value then please feel free to Do so and we will submit it to the owner for approval or disapproval. The prices Listed do not include shipping and insurance, that is the buyers responsibility.

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